Last year I went to my first Internet Governance Forum in Bali, Indonesia. I was involved in several workshops and discussions about “the role of the technical community in Internet governance,” including the Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) and Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF); the role of governments; questions of increasing access to communications resources for the next billion users; and reactions to “pervasive monitoring” of Internet communications by US and other intelligence agencies. I’ve been involved with “Internet policy” for many years now, as a member of ARIN’s AC, on various ICANN Advisory Committees, and as a liaison to the ICANN Board of Directors…which turned out to be a useful perspective, but by no means complete!
I’m a layer three guy, which means that I am a network guy, specifically an Internet guy. I work on routers and connect big networks to other big networks to try and make the Internet work better. For a long time, I, and many people like me have tried very hard to ignore what we call layers 8/9/10 (the financial, administrative, and governmental entities involved with the Internet). Or worse, sometimes we have been known to sneer at them as “damage to be routed around”. I know that attitude still persists among some, but it really fails to take in the whole story.
Last month we signed ARIN’s forward DNS zone as part of our commitment to Domain Name System Security (DNSSEC). That means we completed the process that essentially allows resolvers to verify the arin.net information that they receive from ARIN’s nameservers, and it allows users to have a higher degree of confidence that when they go to https://www.arin.net or act on any other information under arin.net that they are communicating with the host they expect. We went through the process of signing ARIN’s forward DNS zones to do our part to contribute to a valuable and trustworthy Internet. The process can be complex, but it’s worth it.
We stand on the cusp of an explosion in the number of Internet-connected devices. The mobile revolution was just the beginning. Combined, the burgeoning wearables market and the Internet of Things will potentially create billions of new connected devices over the next few years. Every device will need an IP address and there are far too few available addresses within the IPv4 system to handle the sheer quantity of connections. It’s a problem that’s been predicted and solved for many years, in theory at least. But IPv6 is being adopted at a glacially slow pace. The reasons for the gradual adoption are simple to understand. It’s expensive. The Internet is made up of tens of millions of servers, routers, and switches that were designed to work with IPv4. Upgrading that infrastructure entails a significant capital investment.
CTU Telecommunications Specialist, Nigel Cassimire, shares what happened at this year’s Caribbean Internet Governance forum. The 10th edition of the Caribbean Internet Governance Forum (CIGF) was held at the Atlantis, Paradise Island Resort in The Bahamas from 6th to 8th August 2014. The CIGF is a regional, multi-stakeholder forum which was initiated by the Caribbean Telecommunications Union (CTU) and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat in 2005 in order to coordinate a regional approach to Internet Governance issues for the final session of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) in Tunis that year. The CIGF has since been convened annually by the CTU and lays claim to being the first such regional forum in the world, all others having been convened after the initial global Internet Governance Forum in 2006.
Some thoughts on IPv6 reverse DNS. Lee Howard was speaking in the Sunset4 working group at IETF 90. He mentioned something that got me thinking. I have often discussed in my talks problems in IPv6 that were unanticipated. A lot of these problems are unintended consequences of very large subnet sizes. Some problems are outlined in RFC 6583. Lee mentioned another interesting problem, reverse DNS. Best practice [RFC1033] says that every Internet-reachable host should have a name (per RFC 1912) that is recorded with a PTR record in the .arpa zone. It also says that the PTR and the A record must match.
From the Twitterverse
- There's still time to register for free to attend ARIN on the Road in Madison and Winnipeg next week! Learn more at http://t.co/MpMuCcoQQe
- Awesome "Why IPv6?" infographic, courtesy of AT&T's Networking Exchange Blog: http://t.co/GY76gR3FTi
- [Announcement] Internet Governance Forum 2014 Underway: Remote Participation Available http://t.co/DBvnkJSopT
- Techies who step into #IGF2014 should be prepared to be disoriented, but willing to listen & persist - Suzanne Woolf http://t.co/RazC3lQHx3
- #IGF2014 Opening Ceremony and Session starts at 2:30 in the Auditorium! Follow Live - http://t.co/aRnKiZuZX0
- Follow @theNRO on Twitter for live tweets from the Internet Governance Forum #IGF2014
- Participate remotely in #IGF2014 @intgovforum today. Details at: http://t.co/4nKmEUREd0
- Photo: Vint Cerf, @TeamARIN Board Chair speaks at the #IGF2014 HIGH LEVEL LEADERS MEETING in #Istanbul... http://t.co/X0PeBtm4cy
- Our offices are closing early today & all day on Monday for the Labor Day Holiday: https://t.co/Opu00D57jR See you again on Tuesday!
- If you want to know more about #IPv6 read this article about -IPv6 Addressing Tips for ISPs- via @ITandNetworking http://t.co/dcHfvtKOMN
- RT @NRO_Exec_Sec: RIR/NRO activities in IGF 2014 http://t.co/w6Ep7XGsgW…
- [New Blog] What do terms like multistakeholderism, Internet governance, and technical community really mean? http://t.co/ZGyt3KRV8A
- Get those applications in! http://t.co/9ZGl3OCT1a Last day to apply to get a fellowship to #ARIN34 for free
- The 5 RIRs that make up the NRO include @AFRINIC @apnic @TeamARIN @lacnic @RIPE_NCC http://t.co/NsKyyKN87f
- New research finds #IPv6 is still <1% of Internet traffic, but 3.5% of the most popular websites are IPv6-enabled http://t.co/RYg1aDfniX
- #IPv6 adoption starting to add up to real numbers reports @arstechnica @iljitsch http://t.co/eP1OXPQV1L 0.6 percent
- Only a few days left to weigh in on the open consultation on the temporary use of space from 188.8.131.52/10 https://t.co/OVf2BJlKdZ
- New! Follow @theNRO for tweets from the Number Resource Organization at #IGF2014 next week
- RT @SANSInstitute: Learn IPv6 Essentials with @johullrich at #SANSNetworkSecurity! http://t.co/XIKHY0yR5n #InfoSec
- We had an AWESOME show last night with Ed Horley! You will learn something new about IPv6, we guarantee it! Watch... http://t.co/k1OCg6KGTx