Posts By: Jennifer Bly

ARIN 34 Public Policy Meeting Daily Recap

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ARIN’s 34th Public Policy and Members Meeting arrived in the Charm City to hold an open discussion of Internet number resource policies. Lots of lively conversations ensued today, and more will follow tomorrow. In case you weren’t with us here in Baltimore, Maryland or online today, here’s a quick recap about what happened along with some info on how YOU can participate in the meeting tomorrow. We discussed a whopping 10 policies on day one of ARIN 34. At the start of the day, first time attendees got up to speed on all things ARIN with an orientation breakfast. Then we jumped right into the public policy meeting with a report on IPv6 IAB/IETF activities from the most recent Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) meeting. Next, a policy implementation and experience report reviewed current policies and provided feedback to the community. Before heading into policy discussion, the Advisory Council Chair presented on-docket proposals.

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Build Your Own IPv6 Lab

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IPv6 is called the new Internet protocol. However, it’s been running on the Internet since 1999, so it’s really not so new, it’s just that not a lot of networks have implemented it as of yet. The challenge is that it is different from what we are all used to working with. It’s a bigger number: 128 bits compared to IPv4’s 32 bits. It has colons instead of periods (ok, dots for us diehard networking folks). It has all new routing protocol components. And on, and on. But, it has WAY MORE possible addresses than IPv4! The theory is, we should never run out in our lifetimes! But, it is different. So, how do you learn about IPv6 if your company is not implementing IPv6? How do you afford the equipment that is capable of running IPv6? More importantly, should you spend your own money and time to learn about IPv6 if there are no other compelling reasons or funding? The answer: YES, you should learn it on your own! A professional technologist should realize that investing in yourself is important and generally does payoff in the future. How much are you willing to invest, money wise? How about very little (and I mean ‘little’ as in a few bucks)?

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Internet Governance Forum 2014 in Istanbul, Turkey

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Last week I had the privilege of attending the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) in Istanbul, Turkey to support the Number Resource Organization (NRO) on behalf of ARIN. More than 2,300 people convened in Istanbul, Turkey plus another 1,100 tuned in online to discuss Internet Governance matters with the theme “Connecting Continents for Enhanced Multistakeholder Internet Governance.” This being the first IGF I’ve attended in person, I have a few observations I’d like to share with you.

The IGF brings together varied viewpoints from around the world and from many cross sections of the Internet community; there were stakeholders representing development, regulatory, technical, economic, social, and civil society communities. These individuals, many experts in their respective fields, meet at the IGF to share and represent their interests, and this leads to many rich discussions.

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What do terms like multistakeholderism, Internet governance, and technical community really mean?

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Last year I went to my first Internet Governance Forum in Bali, Indonesia. I was involved in several workshops and discussions about “the role of the technical community in Internet governance,” including the Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) and Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF); the role of governments; questions of increasing access to communications resources for the next billion users; and reactions to “pervasive monitoring” of Internet communications by US and other intelligence agencies. I’ve been involved with “Internet policy” for many years now, as a member of ARIN’s AC, on various ICANN Advisory Committees, and as a liaison to the ICANN Board of Directors…which turned out to be a useful perspective, but by no means complete!

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Live Beyond Layer 3

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I’m a layer three guy, which means that I am a network guy, specifically an Internet guy. I work on routers and connect big networks to other big networks to try and make the Internet work better. For a long time, I, and many people like me have tried very hard to ignore what we call layers 8/9/10 (the financial, administrative, and governmental entities involved with the Internet). Or worse, sometimes we have been known to sneer at them as “damage to be routed around”. I know that attitude still persists among some, but it really fails to take in the whole story.

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Sign Your DNS Zones

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Last month we signed ARIN’s forward DNS zone as part of our commitment to Domain Name System Security (DNSSEC). That means we completed the process that essentially allows resolvers to verify the arin.net information that they receive from ARIN’s nameservers, and it allows users to have a higher degree of confidence that when they go to https://www.arin.net or act on any other information under arin.net that they are communicating with the host they expect. We went through the process of signing ARIN’s forward DNS zones to do our part to contribute to a valuable and trustworthy Internet. The process can be complex, but it’s worth it.

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Why Is the Transition To IPv6 Taking So Long?

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We stand on the cusp of an explosion in the number of Internet-connected devices. The mobile revolution was just the beginning. Combined, the burgeoning wearables market and the Internet of Things will potentially create billions of new connected devices over the next few years. Every device will need an IP address and there are far too few available addresses within the IPv4 system to handle the sheer quantity of connections. It’s a problem that’s been predicted and solved for many years, in theory at least. But IPv6 is being adopted at a glacially slow pace. The reasons for the gradual adoption are simple to understand. It’s expensive. The Internet is made up of tens of millions of servers, routers, and switches that were designed to work with IPv4. Upgrading that infrastructure entails a significant capital investment.

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Caribbean Internet Governance Forum (CIGF) Celebrates 10 Years

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CTU Telecommunications Specialist, Nigel Cassimire, shares what happened at this year’s Caribbean Internet Governance forum. The 10th edition of the Caribbean Internet Governance Forum (CIGF) was held at the Atlantis, Paradise Island Resort in The Bahamas from 6th to 8th August 2014. The CIGF is a regional, multi-stakeholder forum which was initiated by the Caribbean Telecommunications Union (CTU) and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat in 2005 in order to coordinate a regional approach to Internet Governance issues for the final session of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) in Tunis that year. The CIGF has since been convened annually by the CTU and lays claim to being the first such regional forum in the world, all others having been convened after the initial global Internet Governance Forum in 2006.

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Getting Serious About IPv6 – Go Big or Go Home

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I gave an Interop IPv6 presentation titled “Getting Serious About IPv6 – Go Big or Go Home” in Las Vegas on April 3, 2014. Since then, ARIN announced it has moved to Phase 4 (down to its last /8 of IPv4 – that happened on April 23, 2014). I think what surprised people the most (based on the feedback I got from the session) was that my argument about adoption for IPv6 had little to do with ARIN running out of IPv4. After all, this is what everyone talks about, that there are no more IPv4 addresses. My argument is: You have already deployed IPv6… you just didn’t know it. At this point, you may be scratching your head saying Ed is crazy, what is he talking about? Let me point out that all major OS platforms (and different flavors of those platforms) support IPv6 and have for a while now. It turns out that IPv6 is enabled (on by default) and preferred in almost all cases.

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IETF 90 Part 1

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ARIN Advisory Council member, Cathy Aronson, is at IETF 90 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada this week. Follow along as she shares her findings with us on TeamARIN! Yesterday morning I attended the IEPG (Internet Engineering and Planning Group) meeting here at IETF 90. George Michaelson of APNIC gave an interesting presentation about Teredo (a tunneling technology that allows IPv6 capable hosts to use IPv6 over a IPv4 only connection). George’s slides are here. The great thing about his presentation is that he observed Microsoft doing exactly what they said they were going to do. They turned off their Teredo relays. It is clear in George’s graphs that the Microsoft Teredo relays have been turned off. The presentations about sunsetting Teredo are linked here:

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