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To Squat or not to Squat?

Cathy Aronson’s crash course in ISPs adding to RFC 1918 space with unrouted IPv4 address blocks.

Guest blog post by by Cathy Aronson


Recently I got an email from a colleague at a sizable ISP. He said his boss wanted to know whether it was safer to use or for additional RFC1918 address space.

I have to say I was shocked. I thought maybe I didn’t understand him. I rewrote back, “Are you saying that you are going to use and as additional RFC 1918 space?” His answer, “Yes”. I was shocked. I did not know this was happening. Certainly this had to be an isolated incident? It is an incredibly bad idea for so many reasons that I’ll talk about as I go on here.

Since I was on my way to IETF 94 in Yokohama the next week I decided to look into this matter and see who is doing this. A number of people talked candidly to me about this situation.

Before I left on my trip I did some googling to see what I could find out there on the net about this. I have attached some links below. It amused me that a large number of folks out there are seeing these addresses in their traceroutes and thinking it’s government surveillance. Of course that’s not at all the case. The not so amusing part of my googling was that there is a lot of this squatting happening out there on the net.

It turns out there are a LOT of organizations considering squatting on other organizations address space. Some of them include large ISPs, cable providers, and large enterprises.. The blocks used are not just and but there are discussions (see links below) of companies using and

I talked to another colleague at a large enterprise that is currently using He heard that the UK Government (the block belongs to the UK Ministry of Defense) may soon sell their rights to this block and it will be globally routed. There are folks trying to persuade the UK government to not sell, but it worth a tidy sum of money.

So why is this a bad idea? It is a bad idea because someone else holds rights to these blocks. If the rightful entity decides to route them or transfer them to someone else who then routes them, then everyone has a problem. The network that is squatting will not be able to get to the legitimate users of the block. The legitimate user of the block will not be able to get to a sizable number of eyeballs on those squatting ISPs’ networks.

How likely is this problem to occur? I would think that due to IPv4 address exhaustion it will become likely that some of these blocks will end up in the global routing table. For a while IPv4 address blocks will be worth quite a bit of money and it will be tempting for owners of such blocks to transfer them to whoever is willing to pay the most.

When a block like this becomes routed globally any ISP who is squatting on the space has to quickly renumber a large number of devices. This is not a trivial amount of work. That time would be better spent connecting all these internal devices via IPv6.   At least one ISP I talked to said they were using some squat space as an interim step until all the devices could do IPv6. I am not sure why others are not spending their time and energy deploying IPv6, but they are setting themselves up for a major crisis in the future.

Links of discussions of this squatting:

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Some other providers who are doing this:




Cathy AronsonCathy Aronson has been an active ARIN participant since 1998. Cathy was also on the original ASO Address Council.  Cathy acts as an advocate for address policy by volunteering to do many presentations to get involvement of other communities such as NANOG.  She feels that cross pollination of ARIN with other RIRs as well as ARIN with other networking groups is essential to making good address policy. Cathy was most recently a network engineer at Cascadeo Corporation where she helped manage addressing and routing for a number of clients.

Previously, Cathy was a member of the technical staff at Packet Design, where she was responsible for operational aspects of their Internet scaling projects. Earlier Cathy was at the @Home Network where she was responsible for routing and IP addressing. She began her career at Merit, Inc. where she worked on the NSFNET Backbone. Cathy designed and implemented the OSI/CLNP for the Energy Sciences Network. Although OSI/CLNP was never widely deployed, the experience has given greater insight into addressing and scaling issues. Cathy joined the Advisory Council in June 1998 first serving an interim six-month term before being re-elected later that year to a three-year term. She was re-elected to the AC in 2001, 2004, 2007, 2010, and 2013. Her term expires 31 December 2016.



Multistakeholder vs. Multilateral – WSIS +10 Consultations at IGF

By Cathy Handley, Executive Director of Government Affairs and Public Policy, ARIN

Day one at the Internet Governance Forum focused on the UN Consultation currently underway to review the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) outcomes. In 2005, when the original WSIS outcomes were accepted, they included the call for a ten-year overall review in order to take stock of the progress that has been made and to address gaps and areas for continued focus.   The two UN co-facilitators, ambassadors from Latvia and United Arab Emirates, led the consultation on the on the draft outcome document. This report will be delivered to the United Nations General Assembly following a high level meeting on 14 – 15 December 2015.

IGF RIR booth

The Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) Public Affairs Coordination Group poses in front of the RIR booth at IGF 2015. From left to right: Chris Buckridge, Cathy Handley, Vymala Thuron, Andres Piazza, and Pablo Hinojosa


Many topics were discussed in the consultations, but one in particular received a lot of attention and focused on the use of two terms: multistakeholder and multilateral.

In the realm of Internet governance, we use the term multistakeholder often and with great pride. The term multistakeholder defines the heart of the Internet eco-system. It reflects the commitment to an open dialog between governments, private sector organizations, civil society, and the technical community to shape the growth of the Internet and the policies that support and protect it. Sadly, it was noted by one commenter that this term is used only in the past tense in the current draft.

In other places, the term multilateral is used. In governmental terms, multilateral is used to describe discussion or agreements between multiple governments. It does not provide for the inclusion of other communities that have been part of the multistakeholder process. Where multilateral is used instead of multistakeholder, it has raised concerns with many participants who believe that the statements should include a wider number of players.

It will be interesting to see if there is an update to the WSIS +10 draft to reassert the need for multistakeholder participation. For more information, the WSIS +10 website has more information about the event and the IGF has posted the transcripts of the WSIS + 10 Consultation online.


Creating an Enabling Environment for IPv6 Adoption

By Aaron Hughes, ARIN Board Member

For the past 8 months I’ve been helping to establish a well-planned document for the Internet Governance Forum Best Practices Forum (IGF BPF). I was asked to lend my expertise to help pull together a guide for non-technical audiences that addresses the challenges enterprises, governments, public and private partnerships can face when planning an IPv6 deployment at the global, regional and local levels.


While IPv6 is not in its infancy, interoperability and feature parity are still in progress, so I think one of the IPv6 deployment challenges we see is related to working with vendors to resolve these issues. In addition, public, unique addressing behind the firewall at the Enterprise is new for all of us and use cases to drive IPv6 architecture are still in progress.

While outreach and education have been a priority, there’s still a large portion of the population who have not been reached, fear change, or simply don’t fully understand the significance of IPv4 runout.

The document being developed for this forum will begin to meet these needs by detailing how to build the right kind of environment for the adoption of IPv6. It is intended to be an easy to understand guide for anyone technical or non-technical to assist with steps necessary to adopt IPv6.

The process to develop the IPv6 BPF so far has consisted of community discussion, resource collection, surveys, a session during the 2015 IGF, and finally the production of an outcome document. We’ve had interesting conversations to date, including the session at IGF this week where I was part of the panel covering the work.

Thus far, the document has been a great success. We’ve not only received a great deal of comments to help further evolve this living document, but also received verbal community support in our panel session at the IGF. I look forward to working with this expanding community and enriching the document with their experiences.  As the document states:

The eventual transition to IPv6 will only be successful when all stakeholders, as a community, are all moving together towards this shared goal at the same time, in a collaborative manner. It is not useful if one organization alone adopts IPv6 if the majority of the devices on the Internet keep on using IPv4. The long-term sustainability of the network, and success of the Internet to accommodate IPv6, depends on getting more organisations to adopt IPv6. IPv6 adoption often involves multistakeholder, collaborative, and community-wide efforts.

The draft IGF IPv6 BPF is still open for your comment through Friday, 13 November, so I encourage you to review the best practices and contribute your questions or concerns. We will address these in the weeks to follow with the ultimate goal of publishing this set of experiences and practices from multiple stakeholders around the world.


Let the Internet Grow

By Jennifer Bly, Public Relations and Social Media Coordinator, ARIN

From the first email sent in 1971 to today, the Internet has grown astronomically. Statistics show there are more than three billion Internet users worldwide at this moment, and that number is only growing. In the midst of recent headlines that Facebook alone attracts more than 1 billion active users a day, it’s amazing just how large that truly is. Clearly, the Internet’s phenomenal success has made it a cornerstone of our daily lives. However, more than three decades ago when IPv4 was introduced, no one could have predicted its universal adoption.

Since ARIN announced IPv4 runout earlier this year, we’re fully in the IPv4 depletion zone.  For a sustainable Internet, the only way forward is to deploy IPv6. Check out this infographic that shows how Internet growth and IP address depletion have gone hand in hand for the past 34 years.

ARIN Infographic Internet Growth and IP Address Depletion


As more and more companies are faced with either having to wait (and wait, and wait, and wait some more) for IPv4 address space or rely on the transfer market, forward thinkers will get their IPv6 blocks and accelerate their IPv6 transition plans. Are you one of these forward thinkers? Let us know. We want to help share your story about how you are making strides toward IPv6.


IANA Stewardship Transition Update from ICANN 54

By John Sweeting, ARIN CRISP Team & NRO NC Member

Last week I attended ICANN 54 in Dublin, Ireland. It was very busy week with several meetings and events scheduled every day. As a member of the Consolidated RIR IANA Stewardship Proposal (CRISP) Team and the Number Resource Organization Number Council (NRO NC), my focus for the week was attending meetings dealing with the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Stewardship Transition.


I attended most of the meetings held by the (IANA) Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) as well as the ones held by the Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG). This being my first ICANN meeting in several years, I was impressed with the organization and ease of navigating the many sessions that were held during the week. There was good progress made during the week and hopes are high of implementing the transition on time looking at the end of September 2016. During the public forum on Thursday, October 22 the Chairs of the three operational communities (Numbers, Protocols and Names) read the following joint statement:

As part of the IANA Stewardship transition process, each Operational Community―protocol parameters, numbers, name―has been working to develop their proposals and to plan for the transition. But there are some areas where we have had to coordinate. For instance, the communities have worked on together in the area of IPR [Intellectual Property Rights] for IANA Trademark and “IANA.ORG” domain.

I wanted to convey a message from the chairs [and leaders] from the names, the protocols and the numbers communities: we have collaborated and continue to collaborate to ensure the consistency of the transition effort.

We are now nearing the implementation stage of the effort, and the three operational communities are committed to working together to develop an implementation plan based on our proposal for the IPR, and any other areas in the proposal which need coordination among the three operational communities.

The full list of CCWG-Accountability sessions can be found by clicking on the Accountability tab on the ICANN 54 Dublin meeting page. Observing the spirit of cooperation and the determination of the involved groups and community members there is a good feeling throughout the communities that the transition can be completed on time. For those interested it is certainly worth your time to browse though the meeting materials available on the ICANN 54 website. Of course, the week was not all about meetings and work as there was some time available to enjoy the pubs and nightlife of Dublin. There was a great networking event, That Night in Dublin, held on Monday October 19 that was a lot of fun.

ICANN 55 is scheduled for March 5-10, 2016 in Marrakech.


Q&A with NANOG 65 & ARIN 36 Postel Fellows

By Omar Eissa and Razan Abdalla

Every year, the Postel Scholarship Program provides funding for network operators from developing nations to attend back-to-back NANOG and ARIN meetings. The scholarship honors the life and work of Jon Postel, a significant contributor to the development of Internet standards and protocols. This year’s winners were Omar Eissa from Egypt and Razan Abdalla from Sudan and they were both kind enough to answer some questions about their time at the recent NANOG 65 and ARIN 36 meetings.

Razan and Omar

Omar Eissa from Egypt

Briefly introduce yourself

My name is Omar Eissa. I am a master student at RWTH, Aachen, Germany. I am specialised in field of Networks security. Before that, I have been working as an IP Problem Expert at Orange Business Services, Egypt. I have worked on improving security features of covert channel protocols and I have some professional certificates in field networks’ routing.

What have you liked about the NANOG and ARIN meetings?

People at NANOG and ARIN were too friendly. Everyone shared their experience; I met different people from different backgrounds. I met people from 4 different continents. There were entrepreneurs, who introduced new companies into the market and became pioneers in their field. I saw young people who introduced new tools to be used by the community to improve the networks’ future. They were community, like family where everyone is meeting, having fun, sharing personal experience, talking about technical stuff and discussing their vision for an improved, better version of computer networks. I liked how lots of these people were modest, shared knowledge and happily helped you if they could. I had the chance to affect the future of the Internet by hearing about new policies, discussing them with their creators, and seeing how others refuted them. I had also the chance to vote on them.

What is the most valuable thing you’ve learned?

That there is a big community where I belong and this community is welcoming, sharing knowledge, refuting and helping improve any new idea for the sake of a better future. The most valuable thing for me is the experience of meeting all of those people and enlarging my network on both social and technical levels.

How will you use what you’ve learned back home?

NANOG and ARIN just inspire. I will work on developing and improving some ideas provided in the meetings to improve my community and maybe one day, I can give a presentation at NANOG or discuss one of the policies at ARIN.

Would you recommend others to come to the NANOG and ARIN meetings? And why?

Yes, I do recommend attending the meetings to have a broader view about field of networks, how different entities work, their latest achievements and to get real life experiences of people working at such entities.


Razan Abdalla from Sudan

Briefly introduce yourself

My name is Razan Abdalla. I am from Sudan. I graduated from University of Khartoum with a bachelor’s degree in computer sciences. I have completed my masters in networks and computer architecture. I was fascinated about networks during a course on the semi final year. I believe this area is well worth delving into.

What have you liked about the NANOG and ARIN meetings?

My impressions about NANOG 65 and ARIN 36 meetings are that the atmosphere is lively and dynamic. I met great people. They were friendly and open and supportive. The general session topics were powerful and brilliantly delivered. I fully enjoyed the one week event.

What is the most valuable thing you’ve learned?

The most valuable thing firstly was meeting people who are corporate leaders in the network industry and learning from experts and building up relationships with peers. Secondly amongst all those men, there were a few women paving their way through the industry. Seeing successful women was very inspiring. They encouraged me to pursue and continue in the same field.

How will you use what you’ve learned back home?

NANOG and ARIN have opened my eyes to new insights, and I am looking forward to participate in our local events in Sudan (SdNog). I would recommend NANOG meetings as a shiny opportunity that all the networking society should seize to get exposure and to meet with experts sharing their knowledge and experiences.

Would you recommend others to come to the NANOG and ARIN meetings? And why?

Absolutely, I recommend others to attend NANOG and ARIN. It’s a rewarding experience worth a try and extremely valuable.


Congrats to Omar and Razan! If you are interested in applying for the next Postel Scholarship more information is available on NANOG’s website. Engineers (Network Builders), Operational and Infrastructure Support Personnel, along with Educators and Trainers are all invited to apply. By early summer 2016, the application process will open again for the fall NANOG and ARIN meetings in Dallas, Texas scheduled for October 2016.


Connecting Canadians with the New Internet

At ARIN 36 in Montreal last week TELUS co-sponsored network connectivity, bringing IPv6 to all NANOG and ARIN meeting attendees.

Guest blog post by Matthew Wilder

We Canadians are generally known for hockey, poutine and our overwhelming politeness. I’m very sorry about that. Believe it or not though there is such a thing as Canadian pride. Perhaps not surprisingly it is a polite form of pride, one which comes with a dash of bashfulness.


True to form, we at TELUS are proud of our support of industry meetings that have been held in Canada over the last several years. We have sponsored these meetings by providing network connectivity for ARIN meetings in Toronto (2010), Vancouver (2012) and now in Montreal (2015) and similarly IETF and NANOG meetings. In 2012 we were incredibly happy with our progress in constructing our IPv6 capabilities, introducing native dual-stack service for these meetings.

Fast forward a few years to 2015 and we have made a great deal of further progress. We now offer IPv6 to enterprise customers on their Internet services, and are in the midst of the mass roll-out of our IPv6 service for consumer Internet services. These efforts are finally beginning to bring Canada into the picture of global IPv6 adoption.

In June, Canada was at 0.5% user adoption of IPv6. As of October that number is 2.18% and growing quickly. This growth can be accounted for with our deployment to hundreds of thousands of homes whose Internet service now includes IPv6 connectivity. We’re extremely happy to help Canada join the rest of the pack!


Matthew WilderMatthew Wilder is a Sr Engineer in the Technology Strategy team of Vancouver based TELUS where has worked for 10 years.  TELUS is Canada’s fasting growing national telecommunications provider with 13.9 million customer connections, including 8.4 million wireless subscribers and 1.5 million high-speed Internet subscribers. Matthew’s responsibilities include IP address management, IPv6 strategy and network performance for all Internet services.  He has been an active member of the ARIN community as well as both NANOG and IETF, each of which TELUS has continually supported through network sponsorship for meetings held in Canada.



ARIN 36 Day 2 Daily Recap

By Jennifer Bly, Public Relations and Social Media Coordinator, ARIN

Today marked the last day of the ARIN 36 Public Policy and Members Meeting in Montreal, Canada. A big shout out to those of you who participated both in person and online. The level of dialogue was high and your insightful commentary was a valuable contribution within the ARIN policy development process.

ARIN 36 Hands Raised 1024x512

Here’s another quick recap of what went down:

This morning we jumped right into policy discussions. The 3 drafts covered today included:

After we wrapped up the public policy portion of the meeting, we moved right into the Members Meeting in the afternoon. We heard from the Number Resource Organization (NRO) and ARIN Registration Services and Engineering departments. We heard an Advisory Council report, a financial report, and lastly, a Board of Trustees report. As always, the day closed with an open microphone session where community members contributed their final thoughts.

Within the next 7 business days, a full meeting report of everything that happened will be posted on our ARIN 36 page. In the meantime, feel free to refer to the slide decks already available for you to download:

Your many great tweets have been a blast to follow this week. The two winners of our $100 ThinkGeek gift certificates for using the #ARIN36 or #get6 hashtag on Twitter are @5683Monkey and @KarlBrumund. Congrats!

With the wrap up of ARIN 36, we are already looking forward to our next policy discussion forums including:

Save the dates! Thanks for an excellent and enjoyable ARIN 36.


ARIN 36 Day 1 Daily Recap

By Jennifer Bly, Public Relations and Social Media Coordinator, ARIN

From la belle ville Montréal, Québec, ARIN 36 Public Policy and Members Day 1 kicked off with participants from around the world.  Lots of engaging conversations flowed throughout the day and we are looking forward to more to follow tomorrow.  If you weren’t able to join us onsite or online for today’s activities, here’s a quick recap of what happened:

ARIN 36 Daily RecapThe morning began with a first timers’ orientation for the 60+ newcomers to an ARIN meeting, where staff welcomed and encouraged them to participate in the policy process. During the general session, the Advisory Council Chair presented on-docket proposals, which for today included the following 8 policies:

Recommended Draft Policies

Draft Policies

In addition to policy discussions, we also heard a report on IPv6 activities from the most recent Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) meeting and an update on the IANA stewardship transition process.  Through a policy implementation report, the community received staff feedback on areas where policy could be clearer based on experiences.  We also heard about IPv4 depletion (it happened!), and ARIN fees and services, and NRO activities.

After lunch, candidates for Board of Trustees, Advisory Council, and NRO NC made speeches after which the election polls opened for voting. And finally, the day concluded with an open microphone session that allowed attendees to voice any last questions, concerns, or interesting tidbits on their minds.  If you would like to go back to something you heard today, presentation slides are already available and in the next few days the meeting webcast archives, transcripts, and summary notes will be posted as well.

If you’re on social media, make sure to use the #ARIN36 hashtag on your favorite platform to help spread the word. For those of you on Twitter, you have a chance to win a $100 ThinkGeek gift certificate for tweeting with an original tweet including either #ARIN36 or #get6. Winners will be selected tomorrow afternoon after the meeting wraps up.  Here’s a little bit of what we’ve been hearing so far:


Please come back tomorrow morning for more great Public Policy Meeting sessions starting at 9 AM ET sharp followed by the ARIN Members Meeting scheduled through early afternoon.  I’ll post another daily recap again at the end of the day as well. Until then, au revoir.


Meet the ARIN 36 Fellows

By Melissa Goodwin, Meeting Planner, ARIN

Only a few days are left until we head to Montreal for ARIN 36 Public Policy and Members Meeting. We’re getting excited and hope you are too!

ARIN 36 Fellows

While you are at ARIN 36 make sure you take the time to introduce yourself to our nine fellows:


Jose de la Cruz SquareJose R. de la Cruz

Internet Society, Puerto Rico Chapter, CARIBBEAN

Please briefly introduce yourself:

My name is José R. de la Cruz and I am a Computer Engineer. I currently work as a part-time professor at two universities in Puerto Rico.

Why do you want to come to an ARIN Meeting?

Since one of the courses I regularly teach is Computer Networks, the main reason for attending an ARIN meeting is to keep up to date on the policies that affect the Internet, such as IP number assignments.

What interests you about Montreal?

A visit to St. Joseph’s Oratory of Mount Royal and the Notre-Dame Basilica.

What is your favorite breakfast food and why? 

A breakfast feast would include freshly made waffles with lots of butter and maple syrup, topped with chunks of strawberries and melon.


Jason Hynds SquareJason Hynds


Please briefly introduce yourself:

I’m an island guy who wastes the beauty of the weather and environment by spending too much time on the computer and walking around with one, or more. I’m active in systems and network administration and accidentally an ICT (Information & Communications Technology) community organiser.

Why do you want to come to an ARIN Meeting?  

ARIN is a constant collaborator in the meetings of Caribbean Network Operators Group (CaribNOG) to which I’m affiliated.  This is how I found out about ARIN. My desire to attend the meeting – as well as NANOG, is to increase my knowledge and functioning in the Internet Governance (IG) space. I hope to inform and bring more Barbadian and Caribbean voices into the policy deliberations and take home lessons for our IG and NOG events.

What interests you about Montreal?

I’ll do a walking tour, not sure if guided or if I’ll risk my poor sense of direction and map reading. Any other outside of meeting adventures may depend appropriate sounding suggestions from others or more pre-trip reading. I’m willing to hold a multi-stakeholder consultation on this one.

What is your favorite breakfast food and why? 

Tough choosing 1 dish with a rationale. I’m excited by bacon and eggs (omelette or scrambled), couple slices of toast, even better if there is some fried plantain next to it. WHY: It was a favourite since childhood. Both bacon and plantain have a great tastes and aromas to me! Eggs can be great depending on how you flavour them, thus allowing exciting experimentation if I’m cooking or even selecting the add-ins or applying condiments.


Roosevelt Lewars SquareRoosevelt L. Lewars

University College of the Caribbean (UCC), CARIBBEAN 

Please briefly introduce yourself:

I am Roosevelt L. Lewars, programme coordinator and instructor at the University College of the Caribbean. I am an ardent, intrinsically motivated and passionate critical thinker who believes in self-empowerment and engaging in life-long learning.

Why do you want to come to an ARIN Meeting?  

The internet is a magnificent phenomenon. And I think that it is a great opportunity for anyone to be able to interact with leaders and those integral in the redesign, development and re-engineering of internet protocols.

What interests you about Montreal?

The number one fun thing I hope to do while in Montreal is to engage fellow colleagues of several different cultures while exploring Canada and its beauty.

What is your favorite breakfast food and why? 

My favorite breakfast food has to be saltfish and ackee with bacon with fried dumpling; the taste is mouth-watering.


Daryl Wade SquareDaryl E Wade


Please briefly introduce yourself:

Good day.  My name is Daryl Wade, and I am the SVP of IT & Network Operations of the Virgin Islands Next Generation Network (The first FTTx network in the US Virgin Islands).

Why do you want to come to an ARIN Meeting?  

I want to come to an ARIN meeting in order to gain a more in-depth perspective of the organization, and ultimately help to grow and improve the world’s networks operations.

What interests you about Montreal?

I hope to be inspired by the people I meet and places I visit while in Montreal.  This may include meeting like-minded individuals attending the event and expanding my knowledge about the history of the city.

What is your favorite breakfast food and why? 

My favorite breakfast food is probably a breakfast burrito because it has all of the great elements of a good morning meal (eggs, cheese, green peppers, etc.), in a convenient wrap.  It’s pretty hard to mess that up!


Glenn McKnight SquareGlenn McKnight  

Foundation for Building Sustainable Communities, CANADA

Please briefly introduce yourself:

Glenn McKnight is a Director with the Internet Society Canada Chapter, incoming Chair of NARALO, (North America At Large Organization) a multistakeholder group with ICANN.

Why do you want to come to an ARIN Meeting?  

To learn more about the  ARIN processes and procedures as a RIR and how it manages it’s process for public consultation.

What interests you about Montreal?

To have Smoked Meat at a local Jewish Deli – Swartz’s.

What is your favorite breakfast food and why? 

Ackee and Saltcod. My Jamaican wife’s national food dish.


Gary Molenkamp SquareGary Molenkamp

Sharcnet – University of Western Ontario, CANADA

Please briefly introduce yourself:

I am a Systems and Network administrator specializing in high performance research computing.

Why do you want to come to an ARIN Meeting?  

I am interested in how the community works together to consolidate varying interests into the set of ARIN policies and how those policies evolve over time.   I am also interested in how ARIN is working to encourage IPv6 adoption and ARIN’s role in post-exhaustion, IPv4 markets.

What interests you about Montreal?

Whenever I am in Montreal I try to visit Reuben’s on Saint Catherine Street, for a smoked meat sandwich.

What is your favorite breakfast food and why? 

Smoked salmon on a bagel.  It always reminds me of cruising in the Caribbean. 


Marvin Arnold SquareMarvin Arnold

Unplugged, USA 

Please briefly introduce yourself:

Marcus Aurelius almost had it right, what we code in life echoes in eternity. I’m passionate about finding ways to make our efforts as technologists most impactful for future generations. 

Why do you want to come to an ARIN Meeting?  

Decentralization will be a critical component in the next wave of technologies and I’m interested in exploring how the role of institutions like ARIN will evolve to meet that future.

What interests you about Montreal?

A chance to practice my French — surtout avec les femmes canadiennes.

What is your favorite breakfast food and why? 

Breakfast burritos are the best of all worlds.


Mike Hammett SquareMike Hammett

Midwest – IX, USA

Please briefly introduce yourself:

I started an ISP 11 years ago that I still run and about a year ago a couple friends and I decided to start an IX.

Why do you want to come to an ARIN Meeting?  

Due to starting the IX, I decided to increase my people networking so I can help others increase their data networking.

What interests you about Montreal?

Other than networking with colleagues, we’ll see what the city brings!

What is your favorite breakfast food and why? 

Kind of cliché, but bacon. Then again, mine comes from the family farm and can get cut exactly how I want it.


Leah Symekher SquareLeah Symekher

Internet Society, San Francisco Bay Area Chapter, USA 

Please briefly introduce yourself:

My animal sign is a Sheep, Blood Type O and a Pisces zodiac sign, not sure what all that means but I do know that I am fun loving with a healthy balance of seriousness.

Why do you want to come to an ARIN Meeting?  

About 10 years of my professional experience has been working in the Internet Network infrastructure and DNS space which provided me with the opportunity to understand the vital role that ARIN and other RIRs play to keep the Internet operational.  This meeting will introduce me to the inner workings of ARIN and provide a framework for a closer relationship with the San Francisco Bay Area Internet Society Chapter members and community. 

What interests you about Montreal?

This will be my first visit to Montreal so I will be a typical tourist… ‘sight seeing’ to the must see historical places, some good eating and meeting the locals.

What is your favorite breakfast food and why? 

Bacon, scrambled eggs, wheat toast, a slice of fruit and espresso coffee…why…because at that moment the world seems a happy place and I can carry this positive feeling throughout the day :-)!!


Congratulations to our ARIN 36 fellows! If you’ll be at the meeting, make sure to introduce yourself to Jose, Jason, Roosevelt, Daryl, Glenn, Gary, Marvin, Mike, and Leah; and make them feel welcome. Since the ARIN Fellowship Program began, more than 50 people have had the opportunity to participate in a Public Policy and Members Meeting, and believe it or not, we’re already accepting applications for ARIN 37 in Jamaica.


So Many Tweets, So Little IPv4

By Jennifer Bly, Public Relations and Social Media Coordinator, ARIN

Since we announced that ARIN has zero IPv4 addresses remaining in inventory, we’ve heard a lot of social chatter around this historic event for the Internet.  In fact, there have been thousands of tweets over the past few days – everything from the humorous to the serious. We couldn’t possibly share them all, but here are a few that made us crack a smile:

In addition to the overwhelming number of tweets we’ve seen from you, we’ve also seen some great articles in the press covering the topic of IPv4 depletion.  Take a look at this storify for a roundup of a few stories.  If you have an awesome 140-character quip or article to share with us, feel free to hit us up on Twitter @TeamARIN.


ARIN Reaches IPv4 Depletion

By Richard Jimmerson, Chief Information Officer, ARIN

As indicated in the announcement issued today, ARIN’s IPv4 free pool has depleted. This is an important milestone for the Internet as we now usher in the age of IPv6.

ARIN IPv4 Address Pool Empty

As previously described in this blog series, ARIN has been placing /24s on hold for organizations over the past few months. This occurred when an organization qualified for a larger block size, but was given the option to accept our only available block size (/24) available at the time. They were given 30 days to decide if they would take the smaller block, or if they preferred to join the waiting list for unmet requests. In the case they chose not to accept the temporarily held /24, that block would go back into the inventory.

Even though we do not currently have an organization on the waiting list for unmet requests that will accept a block as small as a /24, we expect that to change after today’s depletion event. In the coming days we expect there will be organizations on the waiting list that will accept a /24.

Any /24s ARIN receives back into the inventory in the coming months as a result of an organization not accepting a temporarily held /24 would then be made available to organizations on the waiting list for unmet requests. Because of this activity, you will continue to see IPv4 address space issued to organizations by ARIN over the coming month even though we have reached depletion.

You will also see IPv4 address space issued to organizations on the waiting list over the next several months as ARIN receives small blocks of IPv4 address space resulting from a return or revocation of resources. We may also receive a distribution from the IANA twice a year in March or September, but a distribution is not guaranteed. ARIN’s most recent distribution from the IANA was received on 1 September 2015. This distribution included a /15 and two /16s that ARIN used to satisfy requests on the waiting list.

Aside from the expected IPv4 activity described above, ARIN will also continue issuing IPv4 addresses specifically reserved for the support of IPv6 transitions and Critical Internet Infrastructure, including Exchange Points. More information about those special use policies are described on the ARIN website. All other IPv4 registrations you see from ARIN will be the result of IPv4 transfers from this point forward. ARIN will continue satisfying IPv6 requests, as normal.

ARIN has reached depletion of the general IPv4 free pool today, 24 September 2015. We’ve been talking about the inevitability of IPv4 depletion for many years and have been educating the community about the need to get IPv6 resources and prepare public facing services for the IPv6 Internet, and now is the time to make sure you are taking steps toward preparing for IPv6 as soon as possible.


Embracing the Shift in the Internet’s Architecture

True leadership means putting your money where your mouth is.  Jeff Urbanchuk explains how Stanton Communications encourages all PR professionals to adopt IPv6, but not before making their own website ready for the new Internet Protocol. 

Guest blog post by Jeff Urbanchuk

Earlier this month, PRNews featured an editorial penned by our CEO, Peter Stanton, on the need for PR professionals to take a critical look at their network infrastructure in relation to IPv6. The editorial was written with IPv4 depletion in mind, but also served to give our peers in the PR industry a window into our recent experience transitioning the firm’s website to a native IPv6 platform.

As communicators, PR professionals take pride in being early adopters of new technologies. Our clients expect that their messages will get to the right audiences in the most resonant way. In today’s fast-paced marketplace of ideas, that usually means communicating over the Internet through blogs, social media and digital advertising. While the results of these efforts are generally measured in the final outcome of likes, conversions and page clicks, the methods by which those messages are transmitted are of equal importance. Real leadership in today’s crowded media market requires a deeper dive into understanding not only the way people communicate online, but how that communication happens on a substantive and technical level.

The move towards IPv6 is critically important for the public relations community to understand and embrace. While ISPs and device manufacturers have been baking IPv6-compatibility into their products for years, PR firms and many digital specialists have failed to pay attention. Failure to recognize the shift in the Internet’s architecture opens a dangerous blind spot that could threaten to expose clients – and the firms themselves – to an otherwise preventable competitive disadvantage.

As strategic counselors, PR professionals have a responsibility to point this fact out and offer recommendations to eliminate this blind spot. One of the best ways to do that is for agencies to undertake their own internal website review to get their sites IPv6 compatible. That’s just what Stanton Communications did.

Admittedly, it wasn’t an easy process. We are a small firm with a small IT department so it took time to learn the ins and outs of how we could make our website available over IPv6. Through our experience we worked with ARIN to develop an infographic that lists the step-by-step approach you can take to make your website ready for IPv6.

IPv6 Step by Step

In the end we learned a truly important lesson. One cannot truly appreciate, or alone promote, a technology without first personally testing and adopting that technology in real world conditions. It’s one thing to declare leadership in technology through mastery of applications and programs. It is quite another to take the step to alter your firm’s infrastructure to stay current with the rapidly evolving world of technology.

Now we are prepared, tested and ready to assist ARIN in communicating the importance of IPv6. As members of the technical community who are instrumental in keeping the Internet running, we hope you will join us in the effort.


Jeff Urbanchuk Jeff Urbanchuk is an Account Manager at Stanton Communications where he oversees strategic communications campaigns for public policy and technology clients. Jeff is a member of the Stanton Communications team supporting ARIN in its ongoing effort to popularize IPv6 through its Get6 campaign. www.stantoncomm.com





Comment on the IANA Stewardship Transition Proposal

By Michael Abejuela, Associate General Counsel, ARIN

After months of discussions and collaborative efforts in the Names, Numbers, and Protocol Parameters communities, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) issued a call for comments on the first draft of its combined proposal to transition the stewardship of the IANA functions from the U.S. Department of Commerce’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) to the global multistakeholder community.

Historically managed by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the IANA functions are part of Internet infrastructure and include responsibility for allocating and maintaining the unique codes and numbering systems used in Internet technical standards. As a member of the Consolidated RIR IANA Stewardship Proposal (CRISP) Team, I have seen firsthand the value of comments from the community and the effect those comments have on the process. Time is running out to comment on the proposal, and I encourage anyone interested in doing so to make your voice heard.

The proposal combines the three proposals submitted to the ICG from each of the three communities served by the IANA. For reference those submissions are:

Protocol Parameters (IETF community)

IANAPLAN Working Group Proposal – submitted 6 Jan 2015

Numbers (RIR community)

CRISP Team Proposal – submitted 15 Jan 2015

Names (DNS community)

Cross Community Working Group (CWG) Proposal – submitted 11 June 2015

In the words of ICANN, the combined proposal summary is as follows:

The domain names community proposed to form a new, separate legal entity, Post-Transition IANA (PTI), as an affiliate (subsidiary) of ICANN that would become the IANA functions operator in contract with ICANN. The legal jurisdiction in which ICANN resides is to remain unchanged. The proposal includes the creation of a Customer Standing Committee (CSC) responsible for monitoring the operator’s performance according to the contractual requirements and service level expectations. The proposal establishes a multistakeholder IANA Function Review process (IFR) to conduct reviews of PTI.

The numbers community proposed that ICANN continue to serve as the IANA Functions Operator and perform those services under a contract with the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs). The numbers community proposed a contractual Service Level Agreement (SLA) between the Regional Internet Registries and the IANA Numbering Services Operator; and a Review Committee (RC) comprising community representatives from each region, to advise the RIRs on the IANA functions operator’s performance and adherence to identified service levels.

For the protocol parameters, ICANN currently serves as the IANA registries operator. The IETF community expressed satisfaction with the current arrangements and proposed that the IANA protocol parameters registry updates continue to function day-to-day, as they have been doing for the last decade or more. The protocol parameters community proposed to continue to rely on the system of agreements, policies, and oversight mechanisms created by the IETF, ICANN, and IAB for the provision of the protocols parameters-related IANA functions.

Comment Now!

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) proposal is available for review and public comment. The CRISP Team issued a response which you can review. The NRO also published the video below to help explain the importance of this proposal to the numbers community.


It is important that you take the time to contribute your thoughts on the proposed transition document and explain to other stakeholders your reasoning. Your comments can be submitted via the ICG’s online form or by emailing public-comments@ianacg.org until Tuesday, 8 September 2015.


IPv4 Depletion Update

By Richard Jimmerson, Chief Information Officer, ARIN

IPv4 Depletion ARIN

Earlier this week ARIN and the other RIRs received a distribution of IPv4 address space from the IANA in accordance with their Global Policy for Post Exhaustion IPv4 Allocation Mechanisms. ARIN was issued a total of a /14 worth of IPv4 address space composed of one /15 block and two /16 blocks. In less than 24 hours after receiving this IPv4 address space from the IANA, ARIN used it to satisfy requests on the Waiting List for Unmet Requests. You can find more information about our actions in an announcement that was made on the same day of that fulfillment activity.

ARIN expects to receive their next distribution from the IANA in March of 2016 in the amount of approximately a /15. This IPv4 address space will be used to satisfy requests that still remain on the Waiting List for Unmet Requests.

For those of you paying close attention to the depletion of the ARIN IPv4 free pool, you may have noticed what appears to be a slow down in distribution of the final remaining /24s. In the last two months we issued (or placed on hold for qualifying organizations pending payment and agreement) more than 400 individual /24s. Many of these 400+ organizations elected to receive the /24 offered to them as ARIN’s largest remaining prefix size instead of being placed on the Waiting List for Unmet Requests. Others have elected to be placed on the waiting list for a larger block, asked for their ticket to be closed with no further action, or simply abandoned their request ticket, allowing the 30-day temporary hold period for the held /24 to expire.

In the cases described above where the organization did not elect to accept the /24 held for them, ARIN makes those /24s available in the inventory again. Our first action with a newly available /24, or any other sized block, is to apply it to the waiting list to determine if it will satisfy any waiting list tickets. Since no organization is currently on the waiting list for the size of a /24, it goes back into the inventory and then gets placed on hold for a newly qualified organization that is next in line for a response in the IPv4 request queue. Because of this “recycling” that is going on with the /24s previously in hold status, it has slowed down the depletion of the inventory count on our website for the final remaining /24s.

Even so, we expect the full depletion of these final remaining /24s in the coming weeks. ARIN will make a formal announcement and issue a press release when this happens.